Timeline Diarsipkan 2024-05-28 di Wayback Machine

DWQA QuestionsCategory: QuestionsTimeline Diarsipkan 2024-05-28 di Wayback Machine
Isaac Canty asked 2 weeks ago

Bawah: Seorang anggota Front Pembebasan Islam Moro sedang berlatih menggunakan senapan mesin ringan. Peta Filipina menampilkan kawasan mayoritas Muslim Moro di Mindanao. Pada 1969, ketegangan politik dan pertempuran terbuka berkembang di antara Pemerintah Filipina dan kelompok-kelompok pemberontak Muslim Moro. Pemberontakan Moro berujung pada pembantaian Jabidah, yang menewaskan 60 komandan Muslim Filipina atas operasi terencana untuk mengklaim kembali bagian timur negara bagian Malaysia Sabah. Sebagai tanggapannya, profesor Universitas Filipina Nur Misuari mendirikan Front Pembebasan Nasional Moro (FPNM), sebuah kelompok pemberontak bersenjata yang berniat mendirikan Mindanao yang independen. Pada tahun-tahun berikutnya, FPNM terbagi dalam beberapa kelompok yang berbeda yang meliputi Front Pembebasan Islam Moro, yang ingin mendirikan sebuah negara Islam di Filipina. Pemberontakan Moro berakar dalam sejarah panjang pemberontakan orang Bangsamoro melawan penguasa asing, bermula pada aneksasi Amerika atas Filipina pada 1899. Sejak itu, pemberontakan Moro beralih melawan pemerintah Filipina. Malcolm Cook (17 Maret 2014). “Peace’s Best Chance in Muslim Mindanao” (PDF). Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Anak Agung Banyu Perwita (2007). Indonesia and the Muslim World: Islam and Secularism in the Foreign Policy of Soeharto and Beyond. Soliman M. Santos (2003). Malaysia’s Role in the Peace Negotiations Between the Philippine Government and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front. Southeast Asian Conflict Studies Network. Maitem, Jeoffrey (19 Januari 2016). “Armed Christian civilians vow to fight BIFF atrocities”. Maitem, Jeoffrey (20 Januari 2016). “IN PHOTOS: Red God Defenders”. Ivan Molloy. “Revolution in the Philippines – The Question of an Alliance Between Islam and Communism”. AYROSO, DEE (25 Juni 2015). “Revolutionary Moro group calls for intensified armed struggle”. Umel, Richel. “Army reports killing 20 ‘terrorists’ in clashes with Lanao Sur armed group”. Philippine Daily Inquirer. 5 August 1986. hlm. Paul J. Smith (21 September 2004). Terrorism and Violence in Southeast Asia: Transnational Challenges to States and Regional Stability. William Larousse (1 January 2001). A Local Church Living for Dialogue: Muslim-Christian Relations in Mindanao-Sulu, Philippines : 1965-2000. Gregorian Biblical BookShop. Michelle Ann Miller (2012). Autonomy and Armed Separatism in South and Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. Tan, Andrew T/H. (2009). A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. Isak Svensson (27 November 2014). International Mediation Bias and Peacemaking: Taking Sides in Civil Wars. BBC News. 25 November 2001. Diarsipkan dari versi asli tanggal 26 September 2015. Diakses tanggal 26 September 2015. Malaysia’s Inspector-General of Police Norian Mai said Mr Misuari and six of his followers were arrested at 3.30 am on Saturday (1930 GMT Friday) on Jampiras island off Sabah state. Manila had ordered his arrest on charges of instigating a rebellion after the government suspended his governorship of an autonomous Muslim region in Mindanao, the ARMM. Although the Philippines has no extradition treaty with Malaysia, the authorities have already made clear that they intend to hand cunt Mr Misuari over to the authorities in Manila as soon as possible. Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad had said before the arrest that, although his country had provided support to the rebel group in the past in its bid for autonomy, Mr Misuari had not used his powers correctly. Peter Bergen, CNN National Security Analyst (8 Maret 2015). “ISIS goes global”. Kristine Angeli Sabillo. “New al-Qaeda-inspired group eyed in Mindanao blasts-terror expert”. Council on Foreign Relations. Moshe Yegar (1 January 2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, and Western Burma/Myanmar. Andrew Tian Huat Tan (1 January 2004). Security Perspectives of the Malay Archipelago: Security Linkages in the Second Front in the War on Terrorism. Shanti Nair (11 January 2013). Islam in Malaysian Foreign Policy. David Von Drehle (26 February 2015). “What Comes After the War on ISIS”. Lisa Huang; Victor Musembi; Ljiljana Petronic (21 June 2012). “The State-Moro Conflict in the Philippines” (PDF). Program Data Konflik Uppsala. Salah Jubair (1999). Bangsamoro, a Nation Under Endless Tyranny. Kadir Che Man (W.) (1990). Muslim Separatism: The Moros of Southern Philippines and the Malays of Southern Thailand. Timeline Diarsipkan 2009-05-28 di Wayback Machine. Moro Bloggers Diarsipkan 2018-11-27 di Wayback Machine. Teks tersedia di bawah Lisensi Atribusi-BerbagiSerupa Creative Commons; ketentuan tambahan mungkin berlaku. Lihat Ketentuan Penggunaan untuk rincian lebih lanjut.

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